Schwartz, Seth J., Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C. Brown, Pablo Montero-Zamora, Alan Meca, Carolina Scaramutti, Mary H. Soares, Saskia R. Vos, Nino Javakhishvili, and Julia Dickson-Gomez. “Cultural Stress and Psychological Symptoms in Recent Venezuelan Immigrants to the United States and Colombia.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 67 (November 2018): 25-34.

A protester in Venezuela (2017) Many Venezuelans have fought and protested their government but after years of no progress they feel that they are alone and the best choice for them now is to leave their country.

This recent study has examined newly Venezuelan immigrants in both the United States and Colombia and if they have reported any type of discrimination, stress, anxiety or other type of negative symptoms while in either country and to compare them within a country that has a similar culture background (Colombia) to one that does not (United States). The study found that Venezuelans, although having similar cultural relations with neighboring Colombia, the immigrants there reported a higher percentage of discrimination compared to Venezuelans in the U.S.. Thus concluding that although the U.S. might have an image of having negative resentment towards Hispanics, they tend to experience less discrimination, depression, etc than Venezuelans in Colombia.

The study evaluated around over 500 Venezuelans in both the United States, South Florida area and Bogota, Colombia. Nearly most of the migrants had only been in each nation for around a year or less. The study also looked at the education levels, most of the Venezuelan migrants in the U.S. had higher educational degrees while a higher number in Colombia may have not graduated from high school. This making it more difficult to be economically stable in both countries but even more in Colombia as those not having educational degrees are more likely to have a more negative perception of them.

The study overall allows to get a better perception of the type of people who are migrating and the additional health difficulties immigrants face when moving to a different country. It additionally provides an image of the migrant receiving country and how they associate migrants. Ultimately providing us with information on the type of rights a country provides for migrants and the type of human rights they are disregarded of.

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