In the article the author argues that in order to understand femicide and drug-related murders one must understand gender violence and how its used to ensure the security of a state, specifically Ciudad Juarez. The argument of the article replies on exploring how over the past 25 years the Mexican government has made excuses, of a apparent femicide and later genocide, to hide the true nature of Ciudad Juarez violence. Starting in the early 1990s, the governments explanation for the rising amount of murdered women in Ciudad Juarez was that the women “had it coming.” In other words, the government would justify murdered women by saying that they were “public” prostitutes or that they were involved in illegal activities that lead to their death. These explanations caused the public to become unsympathetic until the early 2000’s with the introduction of “hijas” by antifemicide activist.Then in 2003 a rise in murdered men shattered the belief that women were the only ones who “had it coming.” This belief was shattered when eight men were found brutally tortured, killed and dumped in a middle-class community. The author traces the Mexican governments changes in justifying the risein murders. The justification then become that these victims were involved in drug-related activities. Then Mexican president Felipe Calderon declares a war on cartels and send military personnel to ciudad Juarez to protect innocent civilians. However, the number of murders rises despite the so called “protection.” Many Mexican politician and scholars now argue that the sharp rise in death is due to the Mexicans government’s success in disrupting illegal drug-related activity.The author goes on to conclude that gender violence justifications is used to cover up the real human rights violation: murdering of innocent lives.
The article uses solid evidence to support its argument. The biggest strength is in how it frames the argument; in theory. The article uses Micheal Foucault idea of biopolitics as well as Achille Mbembre challenge of Foucault’s idea in order to understand narcopolitics and the states decision to not protect people, allowing its citizens to die. The author is also credible, she’s from the Department of Geography and Women’s Studies at Pennsylvania State University.
The source is useful because it can be used in a large project of examining Mexicos’ human rights violations since the 2000’s . It also is useful in exploring the states roll it its civilian lives and their death. Mexico has allowed a genocide in Cuidad Juarez and hasn’t stopped the number of murdered innocent lives from rising.