Category Archives: Annotated Bibliography

Zúñiga-Fajuri, Alejandra. “Human Rights and the Right to Abortion in Latin America.” Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 19 (2014): 841-846.

Annotation: In this article, Alejandra Zúñiga-Fajuri argues that there is a disconnect between how we view pregnant women and human rights, especially in Latin America. That once women become pregnant, they lose their human rights and are forced to surrender

Zúñiga-Fajuri, Alejandra. “Human Rights and the Right to Abortion in Latin America.” Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 19 (2014): 841-846.

Annotation: In this article, Alejandra Zúñiga-Fajuri argues that there is a disconnect between how we view pregnant women and human rights, especially in Latin America. That once women become pregnant, they lose their human rights and are forced to surrender

Vivas, Leonardo. “Latin America: A Backlash in Human Rights?” Harvard International Review 36, no. 2 (2014): 17-21. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43649263.

This journal article, published in the Harvard International Review, written by Leonardo Vivas, a lecturer on Latin America in the Global Studies and International Relations Program at Northeastern University, discusses the progressions of democracy in Latin America, the challenges that

Vivas, Leonardo. “Latin America: A Backlash in Human Rights?” Harvard International Review 36, no. 2 (2014): 17-21. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43649263.

This journal article, published in the Harvard International Review, written by Leonardo Vivas, a lecturer on Latin America in the Global Studies and International Relations Program at Northeastern University, discusses the progressions of democracy in Latin America, the challenges that

Cornelius, W. A. “Death at the border: Efficacy and unintended consequences of US immigration control policy”. Population and development review, 27(4), (2001). 661-685.

Caption: Migrant Deaths Along US-Mexico Border Reach 200 in 2018.(Bob Price/Breitbart Texas) I came across this photo on google images, and it is originally from an article on migrant deaths along the US-Mexico border published by Breitbart News Network. I

Cornelius, W. A. “Death at the border: Efficacy and unintended consequences of US immigration control policy”. Population and development review, 27(4), (2001). 661-685.

Caption: Migrant Deaths Along US-Mexico Border Reach 200 in 2018.(Bob Price/Breitbart Texas) I came across this photo on google images, and it is originally from an article on migrant deaths along the US-Mexico border published by Breitbart News Network. I

Huneeus, A. (2011). Courts resisting courts: Lessons from the Inter-American Court’s Struggle to Enforce Human Rights. Cornell International Law Journal 44(3), 493-534.

In the article entitled, “Courts Resisting Courts: Lessons from the Inter-American Court’s Struggle to Enforce Human Rights” by Alexandra Huneeus explores the complex relationship between international and national human rights courts.  The struggle between the courts to be able to reach

Huneeus, A. (2011). Courts resisting courts: Lessons from the Inter-American Court’s Struggle to Enforce Human Rights. Cornell International Law Journal 44(3), 493-534.

In the article entitled, “Courts Resisting Courts: Lessons from the Inter-American Court’s Struggle to Enforce Human Rights” by Alexandra Huneeus explores the complex relationship between international and national human rights courts.  The struggle between the courts to be able to reach

Temper, Leah.“Blocking Pipelines, Unsettling Environmental Justice: From Rights of Nature to Responsibility to Territory.” Local Environment 24, no. 2 (February 2019): 94-112

In this article, Leah Temper discusses previous notions of environmental justice and possible ways to remedy the disjoints of Western ideologies and indigenous culture. She specifically studied and reports on the Unist’on’en community in Canada and their experience opposing the

Temper, Leah.“Blocking Pipelines, Unsettling Environmental Justice: From Rights of Nature to Responsibility to Territory.” Local Environment 24, no. 2 (February 2019): 94-112

In this article, Leah Temper discusses previous notions of environmental justice and possible ways to remedy the disjoints of Western ideologies and indigenous culture. She specifically studied and reports on the Unist’on’en community in Canada and their experience opposing the

Self-acclaimed “pro-life” in Argentina

The article chosen speaks on certain religious and “self-acclaimed ‘pro-life’” movements within Argentina and their roles on reproductive justice and a woman’s rights to her own body. The authors specifically cite several organizations the Catholic church has supported and implemented

Self-acclaimed “pro-life” in Argentina

The article chosen speaks on certain religious and “self-acclaimed ‘pro-life’” movements within Argentina and their roles on reproductive justice and a woman’s rights to her own body. The authors specifically cite several organizations the Catholic church has supported and implemented

Basok, Tanya and Martha L. Rojas Wiesner. “Precarious Legality: Regularizing Central American Migrants in Mexico.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 41, no. 7 (2017): 1274-1293

The author discusses how changes in immigration laws and policies may affect the Central American migrant flow traveling through and/or to Mexico. The article specifically examines regularization programmes in Mexico before and after the 2011 Migration Law that allow undocumented

Basok, Tanya and Martha L. Rojas Wiesner. “Precarious Legality: Regularizing Central American Migrants in Mexico.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 41, no. 7 (2017): 1274-1293

The author discusses how changes in immigration laws and policies may affect the Central American migrant flow traveling through and/or to Mexico. The article specifically examines regularization programmes in Mexico before and after the 2011 Migration Law that allow undocumented

Woods, Jason. “POVERTY AND VIOLENCE LEAVE HONDURANS NO OPTION BUT TO LEAVE HOME.” Heifer International. October 24, 2018.

Woods, Jason. “POVERTY AND VIOLENCE LEAVE HONDURANS NO OPTION BUT TO LEAVE HOME.” Heifer International. October 24, 2018. Accessed January 25, 2019. https://www.heifer.org/join-the-conversation/blog/2018/October/poverty-and-violence-leave-hondurans-no-option-but-to-leave-home.html.             In this article by Jason Woods, he dives in depth into the causes of the mass

Woods, Jason. “POVERTY AND VIOLENCE LEAVE HONDURANS NO OPTION BUT TO LEAVE HOME.” Heifer International. October 24, 2018.

Woods, Jason. “POVERTY AND VIOLENCE LEAVE HONDURANS NO OPTION BUT TO LEAVE HOME.” Heifer International. October 24, 2018. Accessed January 25, 2019. https://www.heifer.org/join-the-conversation/blog/2018/October/poverty-and-violence-leave-hondurans-no-option-but-to-leave-home.html.             In this article by Jason Woods, he dives in depth into the causes of the mass

Kodrich, Kris. “The Role of State Advertising in Latin American Newspapers: Was the Demise of Nicaragua’s Barricada Newspaper Political Sabotage?” Bulletin of Latin American Research, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2008): pp. 61-82.

This article argues that state advertising is used as a mean of control over news media in Nicaragua. Kodrich also discusses what constitutes discrimination against newspapers when it comes to the allocation of state advertising, by presenting statistics on circulation

Kodrich, Kris. “The Role of State Advertising in Latin American Newspapers: Was the Demise of Nicaragua’s Barricada Newspaper Political Sabotage?” Bulletin of Latin American Research, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2008): pp. 61-82.

This article argues that state advertising is used as a mean of control over news media in Nicaragua. Kodrich also discusses what constitutes discrimination against newspapers when it comes to the allocation of state advertising, by presenting statistics on circulation

Tetreault, Darcy. “Social Environmental Mining Conflicts in Mexico.” Latin American Perspectives 42, no. 5 (2015): 48-66. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24574867.

The author, Darcy Tetreault, explains how modernity and neoliberal reform/policy in Mexico have led to environmental injustice for several indigenous groups and communities. Global demand for metals, petroleum, and agricultural products, paired with global consumerism of the wealthy and middle class,

Tetreault, Darcy. “Social Environmental Mining Conflicts in Mexico.” Latin American Perspectives 42, no. 5 (2015): 48-66. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24574867.

The author, Darcy Tetreault, explains how modernity and neoliberal reform/policy in Mexico have led to environmental injustice for several indigenous groups and communities. Global demand for metals, petroleum, and agricultural products, paired with global consumerism of the wealthy and middle class,

Menijvar, Cecilia and Shannon Drysdale Walsh. “The Architecture of Feminicide: The State, Inequalities, and Everyday Gender Violence in Honduras.” Latin American Research Review 52, no. 2 (2017): 221-240.

This image was found on google and it is showing street theatre in Honduras and the sign reads “sorry for the inconvenience but they are murdering us”. This image is appropriate because it depicts the response to gendered violence against women.

Menijvar, Cecilia and Shannon Drysdale Walsh. “The Architecture of Feminicide: The State, Inequalities, and Everyday Gender Violence in Honduras.” Latin American Research Review 52, no. 2 (2017): 221-240.

This image was found on google and it is showing street theatre in Honduras and the sign reads “sorry for the inconvenience but they are murdering us”. This image is appropriate because it depicts the response to gendered violence against women.

Kruszewski, Anthony. Payan, Tony. Staudt, Kathleen. Human Rights: Along the U.S.-Mexico Border. Tucson : University of Arizona Press, ©2009 Alberto Martin Alvarez, Ana Fernández Zubieta

In Alvarez and Zubieta’s chapter, “Central American Immigrants at the Northeastern Mexico Border,” the authors look to gain knowledge about the numbers of Central American migrants and their experiences in terms of abuse and maltreatment. This chapter is a field

Kruszewski, Anthony. Payan, Tony. Staudt, Kathleen. Human Rights: Along the U.S.-Mexico Border. Tucson : University of Arizona Press, ©2009 Alberto Martin Alvarez, Ana Fernández Zubieta

In Alvarez and Zubieta’s chapter, “Central American Immigrants at the Northeastern Mexico Border,” the authors look to gain knowledge about the numbers of Central American migrants and their experiences in terms of abuse and maltreatment. This chapter is a field

Zureick, Alyson, et al. “Physicians’ Challenges under El Salvador’s Criminal Abortion Prohibition.” International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 143, no. 1, 30 July 2018, pp. 121–126., doi:10.1002/ijgo.2018.143.issue-1.

This article addresses the issues of El Salvador’s extreme anti-abortion law, the human rights abuses that it creates, and the convoluted role of Salvadoran health care professionals. El Salvador has fully criminalized abortion in all cases to which miscarriages have

Zureick, Alyson, et al. “Physicians’ Challenges under El Salvador’s Criminal Abortion Prohibition.” International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 143, no. 1, 30 July 2018, pp. 121–126., doi:10.1002/ijgo.2018.143.issue-1.

This article addresses the issues of El Salvador’s extreme anti-abortion law, the human rights abuses that it creates, and the convoluted role of Salvadoran health care professionals. El Salvador has fully criminalized abortion in all cases to which miscarriages have

Rodolfo Gómez Ponce De León, Deborah L. Billings, and Karina Barrionuevo. “Woman-Centered Post-Abortion Care in Public Hospitals in Tucumán, Argentina: Assessing Quality of Care and Its Link to Human Rights.” Health and Human Rights 9, no. 1 (2006): 174-201. doi:10.2307/4065395.

In this study, the author discusses the epidemic of unsafe abortions continuing to rake through Argentina due to the lack of rights women possess over their own bodies. The main focus of the article deals with the issue of post-abortion

Rodolfo Gómez Ponce De León, Deborah L. Billings, and Karina Barrionuevo. “Woman-Centered Post-Abortion Care in Public Hospitals in Tucumán, Argentina: Assessing Quality of Care and Its Link to Human Rights.” Health and Human Rights 9, no. 1 (2006): 174-201. doi:10.2307/4065395.

In this study, the author discusses the epidemic of unsafe abortions continuing to rake through Argentina due to the lack of rights women possess over their own bodies. The main focus of the article deals with the issue of post-abortion

Brambila, J. A. “Forced Silence: Determinants of Journalist Killings in Mexico’s States, 2010–2015.” Journal of Information Policy 7 (2017): 297-326. doi:10.5325/jinfopoli.7.2017.0297.

J. A. Brambila documents and provides statical data about the country of Mexico and the mass killings of journalist throughout the country. For the author’s first main point he specifies the relationship of journalist their risk of being murdered and

Brambila, J. A. “Forced Silence: Determinants of Journalist Killings in Mexico’s States, 2010–2015.” Journal of Information Policy 7 (2017): 297-326. doi:10.5325/jinfopoli.7.2017.0297.

J. A. Brambila documents and provides statical data about the country of Mexico and the mass killings of journalist throughout the country. For the author’s first main point he specifies the relationship of journalist their risk of being murdered and

López, Alejandra Saravia, and Adam Rua Quiroga. “An Assesment of the Environmental and Social Impacts of Chinese Trade and FDI in Bolivia.” In China and Sustainable Development in Latin America: The Social and Environmental Dimension, (2017): 147-82.

Bolivia has a deep history of international trading partnerships for the extraction of natural resources such as tin, zinc, and the mining of other materials. With the more recent incoming partnership of Chinese trade and foreign direct investment in Bolivia,

López, Alejandra Saravia, and Adam Rua Quiroga. “An Assesment of the Environmental and Social Impacts of Chinese Trade and FDI in Bolivia.” In China and Sustainable Development in Latin America: The Social and Environmental Dimension, (2017): 147-82.

Bolivia has a deep history of international trading partnerships for the extraction of natural resources such as tin, zinc, and the mining of other materials. With the more recent incoming partnership of Chinese trade and foreign direct investment in Bolivia,

Economic Inequality

Esquivel, Gerardo. “Concentration of Economic and Political Power” Extreme Inequality in Mexico. Oxfam Report. (June 2015): 5-39

In this Oxfam report by Gerardo Esquivel Hernandez, it shows how Mexico continues on being one of the most economically inefficient countries in the world. The most important factors that hinder economic growth and increase economic inequality are the wage

Economic Inequality

Esquivel, Gerardo. “Concentration of Economic and Political Power” Extreme Inequality in Mexico. Oxfam Report. (June 2015): 5-39

In this Oxfam report by Gerardo Esquivel Hernandez, it shows how Mexico continues on being one of the most economically inefficient countries in the world. The most important factors that hinder economic growth and increase economic inequality are the wage

Prado, Paola. “Mapping Citizen Journalism and the Promise of Digital Inclusion: A Perspective from the Global South.” Global Media and Communication 13, no. 2 (2017): 87-104.

The above picture shows a student in Manila protesting against the suppression of freedom of the press. This image was taken from a USA today article speaking about the organized violence against journalists. The author conducts 25 field interviews in

Prado, Paola. “Mapping Citizen Journalism and the Promise of Digital Inclusion: A Perspective from the Global South.” Global Media and Communication 13, no. 2 (2017): 87-104.

The above picture shows a student in Manila protesting against the suppression of freedom of the press. This image was taken from a USA today article speaking about the organized violence against journalists. The author conducts 25 field interviews in

John, Mauricia. “Venezuelan Economic Crisis: Crossing Latin American and Caribbean Borders.” Migration and Development (July 2018): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/21632324.2018.1502003

This article examines Venezuela’s recent economic crises and its social implications. Due to a deteriorating economic state, many Venezuelans are forced to flee to neighboring counties including Colombia and Brazil. The economy has rapidly collapsed because of factors including inefficient

John, Mauricia. “Venezuelan Economic Crisis: Crossing Latin American and Caribbean Borders.” Migration and Development (July 2018): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/21632324.2018.1502003

This article examines Venezuela’s recent economic crises and its social implications. Due to a deteriorating economic state, many Venezuelans are forced to flee to neighboring counties including Colombia and Brazil. The economy has rapidly collapsed because of factors including inefficient

Simmons, David. “Structural Violence as Social Practice: Haitian Agricultural Workers, Anti-Haitianism, and Health in the Dominican Republic.” Human Organization 69, no. 1 (2010): 10-18.

Over the past decade,  The Dominican Republic has continued to fail to uphold its international human rights obligations as Dominican high courts ruled to retroactively and arbitrarily deprive massive amounts of people of their Dominican nationality and citizenship. In the

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Simmons, David. “Structural Violence as Social Practice: Haitian Agricultural Workers, Anti-Haitianism, and Health in the Dominican Republic.” Human Organization 69, no. 1 (2010): 10-18.

Over the past decade,  The Dominican Republic has continued to fail to uphold its international human rights obligations as Dominican high courts ruled to retroactively and arbitrarily deprive massive amounts of people of their Dominican nationality and citizenship. In the

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Judith Schönsteiner, Alma Beltrán y Puga, Domingo A. Lovera; Reflections on the Human Rights Challenges of Consolidating Democracies: Recent Developments in the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Human Rights Law Review, Oxford University Press. Volume 11, Issue 2, 1 June 2011, Pages 362–389, https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngr011

The authors of this law review describe the emergence of multiple topics in the inter-American courts since its existence. Although the court still works on cases regarding “transnational justice” for events from the mid to late 20th century, the authors

Judith Schönsteiner, Alma Beltrán y Puga, Domingo A. Lovera; Reflections on the Human Rights Challenges of Consolidating Democracies: Recent Developments in the Inter-American System of Human Rights, Human Rights Law Review, Oxford University Press. Volume 11, Issue 2, 1 June 2011, Pages 362–389, https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngr011

The authors of this law review describe the emergence of multiple topics in the inter-American courts since its existence. Although the court still works on cases regarding “transnational justice” for events from the mid to late 20th century, the authors