Shumow, Moses. “A Foot in Both Worlds: Transnationalism and Media Use Among Venezuelan Immigrants in South Florida” International Journal of Communication [Online], Volume 4(25 March 2010)

The research study, A Foot in Both Worlds: Transnationalism and Media Use Among Venezuelan Immigrants in South Florida, by Moses Shumow addresses issues concerning the Venezuelan immigrant community in the United States and mass media content which allows Venezuelan immigrants

Shumow, Moses. “A Foot in Both Worlds: Transnationalism and Media Use Among Venezuelan Immigrants in South Florida” International Journal of Communication [Online], Volume 4(25 March 2010)

The research study, A Foot in Both Worlds: Transnationalism and Media Use Among Venezuelan Immigrants in South Florida, by Moses Shumow addresses issues concerning the Venezuelan immigrant community in the United States and mass media content which allows Venezuelan immigrants

Padilla, Pingel, Renda, Reyes, and Fiereck. “Gender, Sexuality, Health and Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Global Public Health 5, no. 3 (2010): 213-20.

Padilla, et al. in the article Gender, Sexuality, Health and Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean, as the title suggests, discusses various problems concerning these contemporary public issues and their connections to potential human rights violations. They analyze

Padilla, Pingel, Renda, Reyes, and Fiereck. “Gender, Sexuality, Health and Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Global Public Health 5, no. 3 (2010): 213-20.

Padilla, et al. in the article Gender, Sexuality, Health and Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean, as the title suggests, discusses various problems concerning these contemporary public issues and their connections to potential human rights violations. They analyze

Thompson, Amy, Rebecca Maria Torres, Kate Swanson, Sarah A. Blue, Óscar Misael Hernández Hernández. “Re-conceptualising agency in migrant children from Central America and Mexico.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45:2 (2017) :235-252.

It is a fact that children migrate from their countries of origin to the United States unaccompanied—their age, however, places yet another barrier to overcome. In the United States there is the idea that children may not inherently have agency,

Thompson, Amy, Rebecca Maria Torres, Kate Swanson, Sarah A. Blue, Óscar Misael Hernández Hernández. “Re-conceptualising agency in migrant children from Central America and Mexico.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45:2 (2017) :235-252.

It is a fact that children migrate from their countries of origin to the United States unaccompanied—their age, however, places yet another barrier to overcome. In the United States there is the idea that children may not inherently have agency,

Luengo, María. “Gender violence: the media, civil society, and the struggle for human rights in Argentina.” Media, Culture & Society 40, no. 3 (2018): 397-414.

I chose this image as it represents the collective action takes by Argentinian society. The posters “together” and “together we can” and encapsulates the author’s argument that polarization and ideological differences can be suspended by universal beliefs.

Luengo, María. “Gender violence: the media, civil society, and the struggle for human rights in Argentina.” Media, Culture & Society 40, no. 3 (2018): 397-414.

I chose this image as it represents the collective action takes by Argentinian society. The posters “together” and “together we can” and encapsulates the author’s argument that polarization and ideological differences can be suspended by universal beliefs.

Cristóbal Kay, “The Agrarian Question and the Neoliberal Rural Transformation in Latin America,” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies / Revista Europea De Estudios Latinoamericanos Y Del Caribe, no. 100 (2015): 73-83. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43673539.

In the article, Kay sets out to analyze the questions that have surfaced as agrarian policies have shifted across Latin America.  Latin America has largely experienced an agricultural revolution due to the influx of neoliberal policies throughout the region. The

Cristóbal Kay, “The Agrarian Question and the Neoliberal Rural Transformation in Latin America,” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies / Revista Europea De Estudios Latinoamericanos Y Del Caribe, no. 100 (2015): 73-83. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43673539.

In the article, Kay sets out to analyze the questions that have surfaced as agrarian policies have shifted across Latin America.  Latin America has largely experienced an agricultural revolution due to the influx of neoliberal policies throughout the region. The

Malta, M. and Beyrer, C. “The HIV epidemic and human rights violations in Brazil.” Journal of the International AIDS Society. Vol. 16. Issue 1. (2013).

In the 1990s, the nation took a more accepting approach to handling the health crisis, which has resulted in lowered mortality rates and less intense stigmatization of marginalized groups such as the queer community and drug users. However, recent administrations

Malta, M. and Beyrer, C. “The HIV epidemic and human rights violations in Brazil.” Journal of the International AIDS Society. Vol. 16. Issue 1. (2013).

In the 1990s, the nation took a more accepting approach to handling the health crisis, which has resulted in lowered mortality rates and less intense stigmatization of marginalized groups such as the queer community and drug users. However, recent administrations

Shipley, Tyler. “The New Canadian Imperialism and the Military Coup in Honduras.” Latin American Perspectives 40, no. 5 (2013): 44-61.

This article explores the human rights problems in Honduras, through the lens of Canadian imperialism. It covers the problems being faced in Honduras, from natural resource competition to violation of human rights, leading to the military coup and Canadian intervention,

Shipley, Tyler. “The New Canadian Imperialism and the Military Coup in Honduras.” Latin American Perspectives 40, no. 5 (2013): 44-61.

This article explores the human rights problems in Honduras, through the lens of Canadian imperialism. It covers the problems being faced in Honduras, from natural resource competition to violation of human rights, leading to the military coup and Canadian intervention,

Richard E. Feinberg. “Nicaragua: Revolution and Restoration.” Brookings.edu. December 06, 2018. Accessed January 25, 2019. https://www.brookings.edu/research/nicaragua-revolution-and-restoration/.

This paper, written by Richard E. Feinberg, explains the current political crisis in Nicaragua as they face civil conflict and political violence through the presidency of Daniel Ortega. It argues how Ortega’s rule, alongside his vice president and wife, Rosario

Richard E. Feinberg. “Nicaragua: Revolution and Restoration.” Brookings.edu. December 06, 2018. Accessed January 25, 2019. https://www.brookings.edu/research/nicaragua-revolution-and-restoration/.

This paper, written by Richard E. Feinberg, explains the current political crisis in Nicaragua as they face civil conflict and political violence through the presidency of Daniel Ortega. It argues how Ortega’s rule, alongside his vice president and wife, Rosario

Sutton, B., & Norgaard, K. (2013). Cultures of Denial: Avoiding Knowledge of State Violations of Human Rights in Argentina and the United States. Sociological Forum, 28(3), 495-524.

The article “Cultures of Denial: Avoiding Knowledge of State Violations of Human Rights in Argentina and the United States” discusses the sociological tendencies that cause citizens to ignore human rights violations in their country. The study conducted in this article

Sutton, B., & Norgaard, K. (2013). Cultures of Denial: Avoiding Knowledge of State Violations of Human Rights in Argentina and the United States. Sociological Forum, 28(3), 495-524.

The article “Cultures of Denial: Avoiding Knowledge of State Violations of Human Rights in Argentina and the United States” discusses the sociological tendencies that cause citizens to ignore human rights violations in their country. The study conducted in this article

Vranes, K, Czuchlewski K. “Integrating complexity of social systems in natural hazards planning: An example from Caracas, Venezuela”. (2003). Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 84(6), 55-56.

According to the authors, with the help of geologist and Columbia University New York Graduate School of Architecture, (Planning and Preservation- in their urban planning and design group) describe a case study involving infrastructure in Caracas, Venezuela. Caracas, built on

Vranes, K, Czuchlewski K. “Integrating complexity of social systems in natural hazards planning: An example from Caracas, Venezuela”. (2003). Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 84(6), 55-56.

According to the authors, with the help of geologist and Columbia University New York Graduate School of Architecture, (Planning and Preservation- in their urban planning and design group) describe a case study involving infrastructure in Caracas, Venezuela. Caracas, built on

Luengo, María. “Gender violence: the media, civil society, and the struggle for human rights in Argentina.” Media, Culture & Society 40, no. 3 (2018): 397-414.

This image is from a #NiUnasMenos march in 2017 and encapsulates the collective action of Argentinian society on this issue, despite deep polarization: the signs read “together” and “together we can”

Luengo, María. “Gender violence: the media, civil society, and the struggle for human rights in Argentina.” Media, Culture & Society 40, no. 3 (2018): 397-414.

This image is from a #NiUnasMenos march in 2017 and encapsulates the collective action of Argentinian society on this issue, despite deep polarization: the signs read “together” and “together we can”

Santamaria, Gema, and David Carey Jr. Violence and Crime in Latin America Representations and Politics. University of Oklahoma Press, 2017.

The book is divided into three sections, part I is about “Extralegal violence and its justifications,” Part II talks about “Constructing crime,” and lastly part III discusses “The politics of making violence visible.” Although the book is divided into sections

Santamaria, Gema, and David Carey Jr. Violence and Crime in Latin America Representations and Politics. University of Oklahoma Press, 2017.

The book is divided into three sections, part I is about “Extralegal violence and its justifications,” Part II talks about “Constructing crime,” and lastly part III discusses “The politics of making violence visible.” Although the book is divided into sections

Bartman, Jos Midas. “Murder in Mexico: Are Journalists Victims of General Violence or Targeted Political Violence?” Democratization 25, no. 7 (Mar. 2018): 1093-1113.

Image Context: Ruben Espinosa had sought refuge in the capital after receiving numerous threats when his photographs were used in various articles that criticized the governor of Veracruz, Javier Duarte de Ochoa, in 2015. The author Jos Midas Bartman uses

Bartman, Jos Midas. “Murder in Mexico: Are Journalists Victims of General Violence or Targeted Political Violence?” Democratization 25, no. 7 (Mar. 2018): 1093-1113.

Image Context: Ruben Espinosa had sought refuge in the capital after receiving numerous threats when his photographs were used in various articles that criticized the governor of Veracruz, Javier Duarte de Ochoa, in 2015. The author Jos Midas Bartman uses

Bejarano, Cynthia L. “Memory of Struggle in Ciudad Juárez: Mothers’ Resistance and Transborder Activism in the Case of the Campo Algodonero.” Aztlán. 38, no. 1 (2013): 189-204.

The Author, Cynthia Bejarano, recalls on the tragedy that was the Campo Algodonero case of 2001 where the bodies of eight girls were found and how this case played an important role in the justice for femicides and the feminicidal

Bejarano, Cynthia L. “Memory of Struggle in Ciudad Juárez: Mothers’ Resistance and Transborder Activism in the Case of the Campo Algodonero.” Aztlán. 38, no. 1 (2013): 189-204.

The Author, Cynthia Bejarano, recalls on the tragedy that was the Campo Algodonero case of 2001 where the bodies of eight girls were found and how this case played an important role in the justice for femicides and the feminicidal

Hathazy, Paul, and Markus-Michael Müller. “The crisis of detention and the politics of denial in Latin America.” International Review of the Red Cross 98, no. 903 (2016), 889-916. doi:10.1017/s1816383117000558.

The article evaluates the conduct of officials and the corruption involved violation human rights. The article uses many statistics in comparing the prison rates from ten years ago. The article is broken up into four clear sections and then subcategorized

Hathazy, Paul, and Markus-Michael Müller. “The crisis of detention and the politics of denial in Latin America.” International Review of the Red Cross 98, no. 903 (2016), 889-916. doi:10.1017/s1816383117000558.

The article evaluates the conduct of officials and the corruption involved violation human rights. The article uses many statistics in comparing the prison rates from ten years ago. The article is broken up into four clear sections and then subcategorized

Coutin, Susan Bibler, 2011. “Falling Outside: Excavating the History of Central American Asylum Seekers” Law & Social Inquiry. “The 1980s: Asylum Denied” on pages 574-577.

Throughout history asylum seekers, especially those from Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, have struggled with gaining citizenship or aid from the United States. In this article, “Falling Outside: Excavating the History of Central American Asylum Seeker: The 1980s: Asylum Denied”

Coutin, Susan Bibler, 2011. “Falling Outside: Excavating the History of Central American Asylum Seekers” Law & Social Inquiry. “The 1980s: Asylum Denied” on pages 574-577.

Throughout history asylum seekers, especially those from Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, have struggled with gaining citizenship or aid from the United States. In this article, “Falling Outside: Excavating the History of Central American Asylum Seeker: The 1980s: Asylum Denied”

Alanis, M., & Echegaray, J. N. (2011). Fighting for Women’s Lives in Argentina. Conscience, 32(3), 29-33. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1016790192?accountid=14505

Marta Alanis, President of Catholics for Choice wrote a thought-provoking article on women’s rights in Argentina. “Fighting for women’s lives in Argentina”, published in 2011 this article encapsulates in detail the reign of Catholic influences within the state government of

Alanis, M., & Echegaray, J. N. (2011). Fighting for Women’s Lives in Argentina. Conscience, 32(3), 29-33. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1016790192?accountid=14505

Marta Alanis, President of Catholics for Choice wrote a thought-provoking article on women’s rights in Argentina. “Fighting for women’s lives in Argentina”, published in 2011 this article encapsulates in detail the reign of Catholic influences within the state government of

Rodríguez Díaz, Carlos. “Maria in Puerto Rico: Natural Disaster in a Colonial Archipelago.” Am J Public Health 108, no.1 (January 2018): 30-2. Accessed January 21, 2018. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304198

In this journal entry, Carlos Rodríguez Díaz explores one of the most devastating natural disasters to hit Puerto Rican soil was Hurricane Maria. A category 4 hurricane, Huracán María struck the archipelago island of Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017.

Rodríguez Díaz, Carlos. “Maria in Puerto Rico: Natural Disaster in a Colonial Archipelago.” Am J Public Health 108, no.1 (January 2018): 30-2. Accessed January 21, 2018. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304198

In this journal entry, Carlos Rodríguez Díaz explores one of the most devastating natural disasters to hit Puerto Rican soil was Hurricane Maria. A category 4 hurricane, Huracán María struck the archipelago island of Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017.

Swanson, Kate and Torres, Rebecca (2016) “Child Migration and Transnationalized Violence in the Americas,” Journal of Latin American Geography 15(3): 23-48.

The article focuses on how the migration outbreak derives from transnational state policies and practices which pose negative effects on the lives of migrant children. The research highlights the historical component of the problem: structural violence and normalized violence. Structural

Swanson, Kate and Torres, Rebecca (2016) “Child Migration and Transnationalized Violence in the Americas,” Journal of Latin American Geography 15(3): 23-48.

The article focuses on how the migration outbreak derives from transnational state policies and practices which pose negative effects on the lives of migrant children. The research highlights the historical component of the problem: structural violence and normalized violence. Structural

Hume, Mo. “The Myths of Violence: Gender, Conflict, and Community in El Salvador.” Latin American Perspectives 35, no. 5 (September 2008): 59–76. doi:10.1177/0094582X08321957.

In “The Myths of Violence: Gender, Conflict, and Community in El Salvador”, Hume explores the establishment, normalization, and perpetuation of gender violence within families in El Salvador. Hume’s paper is structured in the following way. First, she establishes how the

Hume, Mo. “The Myths of Violence: Gender, Conflict, and Community in El Salvador.” Latin American Perspectives 35, no. 5 (September 2008): 59–76. doi:10.1177/0094582X08321957.

In “The Myths of Violence: Gender, Conflict, and Community in El Salvador”, Hume explores the establishment, normalization, and perpetuation of gender violence within families in El Salvador. Hume’s paper is structured in the following way. First, she establishes how the

Muñoz, Perla Barbosa B., and Jerjes Izcoatl Aguirre I Ochoa. “Human Rights and Central American Migrants in Mexico: A Judicial Perspective.” Asian Social Science 10, no. 13 (2014): 263-70.

Image Caption: Alcides Padilla, from Honduras, wakes up at the Jesus Martinez stadium in Mexico City, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2018. (Abd, Rodrigo / Associated Press Photo) I chose the featured image because it personifies the current conditions of Central American

Muñoz, Perla Barbosa B., and Jerjes Izcoatl Aguirre I Ochoa. “Human Rights and Central American Migrants in Mexico: A Judicial Perspective.” Asian Social Science 10, no. 13 (2014): 263-70.

Image Caption: Alcides Padilla, from Honduras, wakes up at the Jesus Martinez stadium in Mexico City, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2018. (Abd, Rodrigo / Associated Press Photo) I chose the featured image because it personifies the current conditions of Central American

Laura Carlsen, Mexico’s False Dilemma: Human Rights or Security, 10 NW. J. HUM. RTS. 146 (2012).

Carlsen’s article focuses on the execution of the war on drugs by the Mexican Government and the use of the army to fight it. There have been thousands of people that have died because of the war on drugs and

Laura Carlsen, Mexico’s False Dilemma: Human Rights or Security, 10 NW. J. HUM. RTS. 146 (2012).

Carlsen’s article focuses on the execution of the war on drugs by the Mexican Government and the use of the army to fight it. There have been thousands of people that have died because of the war on drugs and

Espenshade, Thomas J. “Unauthorized Immigration to the United States.” Annual Review of Sociology 21 (1995): 195-216. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2083409.

The United States of America has prided itself on being a “nation of immigrants” as almost everyone, with the exception of Native Americans, have some family history of immigration. The article “Unauthorized Immigration to the United States” Thomas Espenshade breaks

Espenshade, Thomas J. “Unauthorized Immigration to the United States.” Annual Review of Sociology 21 (1995): 195-216. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2083409.

The United States of America has prided itself on being a “nation of immigrants” as almost everyone, with the exception of Native Americans, have some family history of immigration. The article “Unauthorized Immigration to the United States” Thomas Espenshade breaks

Annotated Bibliography

Alejandro Anaya-Muñoz. “International Human Rights Regimes in Latin America: the Commitment and Compliance Gap.” SocietàMutamentoPolitica: Rivista Italiana Di Sociologia, vol. 9, no. 17, 2018, pp. 153–174. Rory Crowley The article focuses on the relation between Latin American countries’ adopting of

Annotated Bibliography

Alejandro Anaya-Muñoz. “International Human Rights Regimes in Latin America: the Commitment and Compliance Gap.” SocietàMutamentoPolitica: Rivista Italiana Di Sociologia, vol. 9, no. 17, 2018, pp. 153–174. Rory Crowley The article focuses on the relation between Latin American countries’ adopting of